Currently, Python is one of the most popular programming languages because of its simple and easy coding abilities, making it an efficient language for beginner programmers or developers.
Another common reason for Python to gain a lot of popularity among developers is the rise in machine learning and AI technologies. Plus, when we think about the backend programming languages, the first name that crosses our minds is Python. Despite all this, Python didn’t make a place in mobile application development for long.
It is because Python is the server-side programming language, which lacks capabilities to build Android and iOS mobile apps that are client-side.
All thanks to the advent of frameworks like BeeWare and Kivy, building Android apps using Python is possible today. As a result, you can see Python development companies in India and worldwide are making efforts to run Python-built applications on mobile devices. However, the obstacles in building Python apps for Android are still there. Before we delve into these restrictions, take a look at the available possibilities to run Python-built apps on Android.
The opportunities for building Python apps for Android:
Kivy is an open-source and multiple-platform GUI development library for Python. You can run apps built with this framework on Android, iOS, Windows, X, OS, GNU, or any device having OpenGL ES 2.0, which is a standard on modern devices. As per Google, the requirements for running Kivy apps match by 99.9% devices.
BeeWare is a set of tools that help you write Python code for building native user interfaces and libraries. They also support a code required to run that code on Android, iOS, Linux, macOS, Windows, and more.
It is a plugin for the Gradle-based build system of Android Studio. When it comes to Chaquopy, it gives you the freedom to intermix Python, Java, and Kotlin in any app, using the best-suited language for your project.
Python API helps you write the code for your app partially or entirely in Python. On the other hand, the user interface toolkit and complete Android API are under your control.
These are the most popular tools for running Python apps on Android. However, there are more such as Tremux, PySide, QPython, Pyqtdeploy, and SL4A.
Even if you successfully run Python apps on Android, there are certain limitations that you still may face.
Some limitations of building Python apps on Android:
- Python-built mobile apps lack speed, social integration, and even aesthetics don’t look native.
- It is difficult to package Python applications, as Python interpreter isn’t available on Android by default. However, both Kivy and PyDame teams are making steady progress so that they can remove this obstacle.
- Additionally, Python has never been used to build full-fledged Android and iOS applications. Thus, very little information is available on dealing with various issues related to SL4A.
Apart from this, according to Ned Deily, a leading Python core developer, using Python for developing Android apps requires more money and work-force, which are other significant obstacles.
Python is the best programming language for back-end development. However, maybe in the future, we will able to build robust mobile apps using Python without any obstacles. For now, if you need any professional assistance for your server-side of development, you should hire an experienced Python development services provider. We, at SoftProdigy, have a team of experts who are committed to delivering high-end solutions for their back-end development. Feel free to call us today.
Summary – Today, Java is the primary programming language used to build Android apps. But with constant efforts and technological innovations, we will find ways to port Python to the mobile platforms. Learn about the opportunities and difficulties faced.